Blueberries

52 Pesticide Residues Found by the USDA Pesticide Data Program1,2,3

Human Health Effects:

8Known or Probable Carcinogens4
22Suspected Hormone Disruptors
14Neurotoxins
7 Developmental or Reproductive Toxins

Environmental Effects:

17 Honeybee Toxins5

Pesticide Residues Found in Blueberries:

What Pesticide? How Often is it Found?6 Conventional vs. Organic Toxicity7 Other Foods with this Pesticide
Boscalid 34.8% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Pyraclostrobin 33.7% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Cyprodinil 19.9% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Iprodione 19.1% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Captan 17.5% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Tetrahydrophthalimide (THPI) 15.5% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Fludioxonil 15.2% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Carbendazim (MBC) 13.5% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Fenbuconazole 12.2% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Phosmet 11.6% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Imidacloprid 10.9% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Esfenvalerate+Fenvalerate Total 8.8% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Fenhexamid 7.0% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Azoxystrobin 6.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Carbaryl 6.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Azinphos methyl 5.3% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Bifenthrin 4.8% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Malathion 4.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Esfenvalerate 3.8% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Acetamiprid 3.7% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
1-Naphthol 3.3% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Methoxyfenozide 3.3% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Tebufenozide 3.0% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Methomyl 2.9% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Chlorothalonil 2.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Cypermethrin 1.9% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Chlorpyrifos 1.7% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Simazine 1.5% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Cyhalothrin, Total (Cyhalothrin-L + R157836 epimer) 1.0% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Cyhalothrin, Lambda 0.9% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Tebuconazole 0.8% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Fenpropathrin 0.7% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Omethoate 0.6% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
o-Phenylphenol 0.5% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Cyhalothrin, epimer R157836 0.5% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Buprofezin 0.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Thiamethoxam 0.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Pyrimethanil 0.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Endosulfan sulfate 0.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Endosulfan II 0.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
3-hydroxycarbofuran 0.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Dimethoate 0.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Malaoxon 0.3% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Pirimicarb 0.2% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Thiabendazole 0.1% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Trifloxystrobin 0.1% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Thiacloprid 0.1% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Metalaxyl/Mefenoxam 0.1% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Oxamyl 0.1% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Acephate 0.1% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Methamidophos 0.1% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Linuron 0.1% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods


Footnotes

1. Tests for any given food are often conducted in multiple years. In all cases WhatsOnMyFood shows only the most recent test year. The test results for Blueberries come from test year 2008.

2. All pesticide residue results on this page and elsewhere on the WhatsOnMyFood website were obtained by the United Stated Department of Agriculture (USDA) Pesticide Data Program (PDP)

3. Punzi, JS, Lamont, M, Haynes, D, Epstein, RL, USDA Pesticide Data Program: Pesticide Residues on Fresh and Processed Fruit and Vegetables, Grains, Meats, Milk, and Drinking Water, Outlooks on Pesticide Management, June, 2005. Available online

4. All toxicological data was either compiled for this site — typically from U.S. EPA reregistration eligibility decisions — or obtained from data compiled for the PesticideInfo website

5. Includes pesticides that are moderately acutely toxic, highly acutely toxic or chronically toxic to honeybees.

6. The percentage found is for all four of the following combinations combined: domestic or imported, and conventional or organic. To see data broken down into each of these combinations separately, click on "Conventional vs. Organic."

7. A pesticide residue may not be listed as carcinogenic, neurotoxic, hormone-disrupting or as a reproductive or developmental toxicant for either of two reasons: (1) it may have been studied for toxicity in one or more of these categories and the weight of the evidence did not support designating it as toxic, or (2) it may not have been studied.

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